Osteoporosis or osteoporosis causes the bones to become so weak and fragile that even falling or even minor stress such as bending or coughing can cause breakage. Fractures associated with osteoporosis often occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is a living tissue that is destroyed and replaced continuously. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bones is not in line with the removal of old bones. Osteoporosis can affect men and women of all ages, but elderly women who are over menopause are more at risk. Medicines, healthy diet, and weight-bearing exercises can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weakened bones.
Causes of osteoporosis
The bones are in a continuous state of regeneration where new bones are created and old bones are destroyed. Your body in childhood creates new bones faster than destroying old bones and thus increases bone mass. Bone mass in most people peaked in the early 1920s. With age, bone mass is lost faster than it is formed.
Depending on how much osteoporosis you have in your youth, the likelihood of osteoporosis is partially dependent on the amount of bone mass that you have in your youth. The higher your bone mass, the more bones you keep and the less likely you are to osteoporosis as you age.
External risk factors for osteoporosis
- Sex, women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men.
- Age, the older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis.
- Family History Having a parent or brother with osteoporosis increases your risk of being infected, especially if your father or mother has a hip fracture.
- Size of body structure, men and women with small body structures tend to increase risk; because they may have less bone mass derived from them as they age.
The nutritional causes of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis occurs more commonly in people who have:
- Low calcium intake, where calcium deficiency plays a life role in the development of osteoporosis. Decreased calcium intake reduces bone density, early bone loss and increased risk of fractures.
- Eating disorders, severe restriction of food consumption and low weight lead to poor bone density in both men and women.
- Gastrointestinal surgery A surgical operation to reduce the size of the stomach or to remove part of the intestine reduces the amount of space available to absorb nutrients, including calcium.
Complications of osteoporosis
Bone fractures, especially in the spine or hip, are the most serious complications of osteoporosis. Hip fractures often result in falls and can lead to disability and increase the risk of death within the first year following infection.
Spinal fractures can occur in some cases even if they do not fall. The bones that form the spine (vertebrae) can be weakened to such an extent that they may collapse, leading to back pain, loss of height and forward curved position.
What are the methods of treatment and prevention of osteoporosis
Ways to treat osteoarthritis
- Drink a cup of oatmeal every day because it contains calcium that is useful for bone feeding.
- Taking soybeans is more beneficial to you than to a man.
- Eat cabbage and cabbage because they contribute to the preservation of your bones and prevent the vulnerability of fragile because of the containment of boron.
- Eat dates with milk every day or separately. They contain calcium and some other substances useful for strengthening bones and protecting them from exposure to fragility.
- Eat buckwheat is a plant that contains abundant amounts of calcium and it is by boiling its leaves dry and drink drenched.
- Eat black pepper because it contains compounds that protect you from osteoporosis by adding them to your various foods.
- Eat garlic, it is full of calcium and vitamin D.
- Eat parsley because it contains fluorine and purine which give bone strength and strength and can be added to a salad.
- When eating chicken soup, put a small amount of vinegar, because vinegar helps to dissolve the calcium found in the bones of chicken and eating a pint of this soup is equivalent to eating a liter of milk.
- Eat mint It contains antioxidants that strengthen the immune system, which helps make you overcome the general weakness in the body that causes the exposure of bone to the fragility.
- Eat geese legs because they contain a large amount of calcium that the bones need for their strength and health.